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Model: UK103 Curved Triangle in a Square Chamber
(Voigt/Reuleaux)
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Model Metadata
Taxonomy:
Karlsruhe
Group:
Miscellaneous
ID:
UK103
Title (English):
Curved Triangle in a Square Chamber
Title (German):
Bewegung eines dreieckigen Gleichdicks in einem quadratischen Gehäuse
Creator:
Franz Reuleaux
Date Created:
1882-00-00
Manufacturer:
Size:
Overall: Width x Depth x Height [225, 225, 480]
Medium:
cast iron and brass on wood pedestal
Rights:
For educational use only. All rights reserved by the contributor(s) and publisher(s).
Audience:
General public
Keywords:
Description:
Reuleaux called the line or point contact between machine components "higher order pairs" in contrast to bodies in surface contact constraint. Here he constructed a curved triangle from an equilateral triangle with circular arcs whose centers are at the three vertices of the triangle. This figure is known as a "curve of constant width".While one´s intuition might lead one to conclude that three points of contact of a plane figure would constrain the motion of the curved triangle in the square chamber, Reuleaux showed that it was possible for the object to rotate and slide since the three contact normals always meet at a point. The model is obviously not made at the workshop of the Polytechnic School at Karlsruhe and seem to be the Reuleaux model B02. Some mathematicians have called this constant breadth, curved triangle the "Reuleaux triangle". This area can rotate between two parallel surfaces while maintaining contact or rotate in a square, or rhombus shaped bearing without losing contact. Variations of the constant breadth triangle based on an odd sided polygon of equal sides can be found in Reuleaux's book. The seven sided British 20p and 50p coins are applications of this principle. They can roll in a coin machine as if they were circular yet have a distinctive shape between one's fingers. This model may have inspired the Wankel rotary engine used today in a popular sports car.
Descr Author:
Francis Moon
Descr Date:
2005-00-00
Image Metadata
Title:
Bewegung eines dreieckigen Gleichdicks in einem quadratischen Gehäuse
Rights:
Digital file property of Cornell University Library. Made available under the same terms as a Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike License. For all other uses see KMODDL Rights & Permissions.
Descr:
Date Created:
2006-12-07 23:09:23
URL:
http://kmoddl.library.cornell.edu/stillImages/Redtenbacher/small/Bewegung_eines_dreieckigen_Gleichdicks_in_einem_quadratischen_Geh%E4use.jpg
Size (w x h):
309 x 555

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