Schröder Collection, Foundation for Science and Technology, Florence, Italy

The Schröder kinematic models at the Foundation for Science and Technology (FST) comprise one of the largest collection of kinematic models of the Jacob Peter Schröder company of Darmstadt, Germany founded in 1837. His catalogs of 1870-1900 listed models copied after the kinematics and machine engineering books of Ferdinand Redtenbacher of Karlsruhe University and his student, Franz Reuleaux of the Technical Uniersity of Berlin. These models were awarded many prizes at international exhibitions.

In 1850, Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany, established the “Istituto Tecnico Toscano,” The Istituto collections were enriched by machines, models of machines, scientific and didactic material, and publications from various European countries. This Physics Cabinet conserves the largest and most complete Italian collection of nineteenth-century instruments for the study and teaching of physics. It was enriched by a fine collection of Schröder models of machines and kinematics mechanisms from the Mechanics Cabinet that evidence the technological vocation of the Istituto Tecnico Toscano.

The Fondazione Scienza e Tecnica (FST) was founded in 1987 for the purpose of conserving maintaining and managing most of the collections. Most of the data concerning the instruments are now available on the Internet site of the Fondazione ( and are also present in the ISIN international database of scientific instruments.

Select a model by title to view the informational page for that model, with links to related resources.